Part I Vocabulary and Language Use (30 points, 1 point each)
Directions: For questions 1 through 30, select two answer choices that (1) complete the sentence in a way that makes sense and (2) produce sentences that are similar in meaning.
1.The Atlantic and Pacific Highway was an important connection between East and West coasts in the early years of automobiles travel, but it was largely _____by the development of the U.S. highway system, beginning around the mid-1920s.
2.Although living benefactors may provide kidneys and bone marrow to patients who need transplants, far more organ donations______ deceased donors than living ones.
3.Pioneers used clematis as a pepper substitute, and some Native Americans used
small traces to cure headaches; nevertheless, the plant is______ toxic.
(A)by no means
4. The earliest recorded inhabitants of the tiny island off Senegal were the Jola people, and they remain the ethnic group on the island.
5.In medieval England, the general population could rarely read or write, so people received news via the______ of the town crier.
6. Because the Choctaw adopted many cultural practices of Europeans, they were ________ termed one of the “Civilized tribes” by the very people whose descendants would later see them exiled from their homeland.
7. the school originally known as the Institute of Musical Art was moved, merged, and finally renamed after a great ________ of American music, Augustus Juilliard.
8. the origin of the term Hoosier is unknown; nevertheless, there are dozens of proposed derivations that range from logical to ________.
9. the Japanese cartoon form known as manga covers a surprisingly ________ range of subject matter, from the typical action-adventure to the less familiar romance, horror, and business-related stories.
10. The so-called high seas are any body of water wherein national jurisdiction no longer applies; an ________ term might be international waters.
11. The nocturnal birds we know as nightjars are sometimes called goatsuckers due to the erroneous but ________ belief that they milk goats in the night.
12. Referenda, by which the general population may approve or ________ a proposed law, have been allowed in California since 1849.
13. The long-running comic strip Blondie gave rise to a series of feature films, ________ a radio show and a television sitcom.
(B)on top of
(E)in lieu of
(F)as well as
14. Their speed was notable, but because clipper ships were narrow and could hold only a limited amount of freight, they were used mainly for goods that were small and had to be moved ________.
15. Plenipotentiary is one of those ________ titles given to government officials whose job one does not quite understand.
16. Her work was always _________, with every i dotted and every t crossed.
17. In order that we better taste all of the flavors in the wine, the instructor recommended ________ each sample with a small crust of bread.
18. Of the various cue sports, pool is probably the best known in America, whereas snooker is the ________.
19. The plants known as cycads are often ________ palms, but in fact they are only distantly related.
(D)on a par with
20. The ________ Rubik’s Cube measures about 21⁄4 inches on each side, with 26 smaller, pivoting cubes making up the puzzle; however, there are many accepted variations.
21. Because one-fifth of its landmass lies below sea level, the process of land reclamation is ________ to the existence of the Netherlands.
22. Della Reese began her career as a singer of gospel and jazz, but she ________ hosted a talk show and acted in a television drama.
(F)in point of fact
23. While thousands of Americans keep tropical birds as pets, the birds’ natural need for warmth makes them ________ to chills caused by drafts and power outages.
24. The timber rattlesnake has the ________ Latin name Crotalus horridus, which vividly captures human revulsion to this most dangerous of snakes.
25. Luging, a sport in which you lie faceup and feetfirst on a tiny sled, is ________ dangerous; a Georgian athlete died in 2008 while preparing for Olympic competition.
26. Whether newspapers survive as a medium is largely ________ on how well they adapt to the age of social media and instant news.
27. Like many artists who ________ Islam in midlife, the jazz drummer and bandleader Art Blakey took an Arabic name, in his case Abdullah Ibn Buhaina.
28. Marsupials, from the kangaroo to the opossum, are characterized by the pouch in which the mother ________ her young throughout their infancy.
29. Brazil produces one-third of the world’s sugarcane, a perennial grass with thick, ________ stalks that contain raw sugar crystals.
30. Umbriel and Ariel are two moons of Uranus, first ________ on the same day, October 24, 1851, by the renowned British astronomer William Lassell.